Curriculum Overview

QUICK GUIDE TO THE FIRST GRADE CURRICULUM

 

MATH

 

Addition, subtraction and strategies to use.  We work our way up to 2 digit addition.                                  
     Number sentences,  ex: 3 + 2 = 5

Number bonds

Related Facts (aka “fact families”) ex:  3+2=5, 2+3=5, 5-2=3, 5-3=2 (notice they all use the same #’s)

Using Base 10 systems:  ones (units), ten, hundreds, place value        (REGROUPING: 10 units = 1 ten)

    Graphing and tally tables

Count to 100 by 1’s and then by 2, 5, 10 

Three dimensional figures: cones, spheres, rectangular prism, cube

Calendar time (months, days of the week)

Fractions (1/2, 1/3, ¼)

Estimation

Measurement:  Using non-standard units of measurement to measure length

Explaining how they arrived at a solution to either a number sentence or a word problem. 

       This is stressed in each and every unit.  Children must be able to explain how they got their answer. 

 

ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS/READING

 The complete list of high frequency and spelling words can be found in the resources section of the class webpage under the heading “Resources: Journeys”.  You can refer to this list anytime.

 Since our concentration of reading will now be on comprehension and not just memorization, take time to notice if your child recognizes the vocabulary and spelling words within a sentence.  When a reader can easily recognize words, better comprehension will naturally occur as they are no longer spending energy trying to decode words. 

 Use various strategies to determine a word:

            Graphophonic: sounding out a word

            Semantic:  Using background knowledge and context clues to determine a word

Syntactic:  Using grammar and word order, this is when the reader asks him/herself

“Does that make sense?”

Good readers learn to use all three strategies flexibly. 

 Digraphs:  sh, th, ck   (two letters make one sound)

 Using a dictionary, alphabetizing

 Sequencing a story, introduction to various genres

 

Eventually the print in the books will get smaller and there will be more words on a page.

 We will be learning how to write statement, question and exclamation sentences and the punctuation marks that go with each.   Using correct sentence structure (First word, capital letter, order (makes sense), correct punctuation) and correct spelling of vocabulary and spelling words. 

They will be learning the parts of a sentence such as common and proper nouns, verbs, adjectives, and pronouns.
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  Science
We have a new Science book this year that will allow students to explore our lessons more in depth as well as explore experiments in each chapter as we use the science laboratory in our building. Science will cover Living Environment and the Physical Setting as well as health and nutrition. 

Stem lessons will be taught weekly as well by our Stem teacher, Ms. Meehan.


Social Studies

This year is we are using Studies Weekly magazines for our  Social Studies curriculum along with supplementary units from our NY State common core module.

  Social Studies will cover civics, geography and map reading, compass directions, economics, and comparisons of family, transportation, and communication from past to present. 

 

Religion

This year we will put into action what we learn from our formal religion classes.  Our hope is that the children will be able to connect their faith lives with their daily lives.  We also say grace before meals so if you don’t already, maybe try adding this act of thankfulness at your own meal times! In addition we will be saying prays from our Religion series and working on Mass responses and songs.

 

Penmanship

Penmanship and correct letter formation are very important and will be assessed.  Please be attentive to the quality of handwriting on homework assignments!

 

Assessments:

Rubrics are used.  Rubrics measure how well your child understands the concepts they are learning.  Consider the rubric an assessment, which can be a better measurement of our child’s ability although it is not what you are used to seeing. informal and formal assessments will be used.